Tanzanian Currecy: Banknotes II

After the dissolution of the East African Currency board into three independent central baks of Kenya Uganda and Tanzania in 1966, each of the three east african countries had their own Shilling. The first Tanzanian Banknotes to be released by the Bank of Tanzania were also in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 100 Tz. Shillings. The front face had the picture of President Julius Nyerere while the back face had various Tanzanian features. The 5 Shilling banknote had a picture of Mount Kilimanjaro; the 10 Shillings banknote had a sisal estate; the 20 shilling banknote had a the gread Mwadui Dimand mine; and the 100 hundred shilling had a Maasai herdsman.

5 Tz Shilling

tz_5shs_nyerere1.jpg

10 Tz Shilling

tz_10shs_nyerere1.jpg

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_nyerere1.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere1_v1.jpg

However, the image of a maasai herdsman was not well recievd by the public as it made them appear as a natural attraction or an economic center. Therefore the next release of these banknotes in 1969 had been redesigned and the maasai image was replaced by the image of wild animals in Serengeti.

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere1_v2.jpg

These banknotes continued in circulation until 1978 when they were redesigned, and the five shilling banknote was retired from circulation. In the new design, the image of mwalimu Nyerere was changed from that of a youthful Nyerere of pre-independence to a more matured authoritative figure; and the notes were written entirely in kiswahili. The front face of all notes were similar while the back faces had a map of Tanzania and carried images that represented Tanzania of that time. The 10 shilling banknote had Mount Kilimanjaro, a makonde carving an the Arusha Declaration monument; the 20 shillings banknote had a spinning mill in a textile plant, which indicated the rise of industrial activties in the Nation. The 100 shilling banknote had educational activties from primary school to universities. Education for self reliance, which was one of the ingrediates of the education system, is depicted by the picture of pupils cultivating land with handhoes

10 Tz Shilling

tz_10shs_nyerere_2.jpg

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_nyerere2.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere_2.jpg

The banknotes were redesigned and released in 1984 before Nyerere stepped down. The new design was more colorful showing an image of the aging President Nyerere. The 10 Shilling banknote was retired from circulation and a new banknote of 50 Shillings was introduced. The back of the 20 shillings banknote showed various industrial activities, while the back of the 50 Shilling banknote showed a self-help spirit in constructing primary schools. The back of the 100 banknote had an image showing graduation processign and facilities at the university of dar es salaam. This image was intended to show strides made in the are of higher education in the nation.

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_nyerere3.jpg

50 Tz Shilling

tz_50shs_nyerere.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere_3.jpg

When Nyerere stepped down in 1985 and Mwinyi took over. The new banknotes that were released in 1986 did not change in design, but the image of Nyerere was replaced by that of Mwinyi except on the 100 Shilling note. Due to massive delavuation of the shilling that followed under mwinyi, higher denominations became necessary, and a new 200 Shilling banknote was issued. At that time, the 200 shilling was popularly known as the “Double Cabin;” the back of this note had an image showing Zanzibari fishermen and a scribe of clove.

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

50 Tz Shilling

tz_50shs_mwinyi1.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere_3.jpg

200 Tz Shilling

tz_200shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

By 1988, the demand for more money in circulation forced the bank of Tanzania to release another high denomination banknote of 500 Shillings, known at that time as the “Pajero.” The design of the 500 banknote was quite different from that of the other notes. It had a colored coat of arms and a clear Bank Of Tanzania logo. Its back face had an image of women picking coffee.

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

The shilling continued to deteriolate against the US dollar, hence the demand for more high denomination bankotes contuned to rise. In 1990, a new 1000 Shilling banknote was released. The design of this banknote was similar to the 500 shilling note. Its backface showed Tanganyika Packers plant in Kawe Dar es Salaama as an indication of the industrial activities in Tanzania. Although its coat of arms was not colored, it had a clear BOT logo with a background inscription of 1000.

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

Tanzanian banknoes of that time were rather wide. Towards the end of 1992, major changes happend in the Tanzanian currency. The 20 Shilling note was retired from circulation, while notes of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 100 Shillings were redesigned by reducing their size with slight changes in their apperance. New bankontes of 5000 and 10,000 Shillings were introduced.

50 Tz Shilling

tz_50shs_mwinyi2.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

200 Tz Shilling

tz_200shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

5000 Tz Shilling

tz_5000shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

10000 Tz Shilling

tz_10000shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

These new notes continued in circulation until the end of Mwinyi’s tenure in office. When Mkapa took over the presedinecy, his policy was not to use the president’s image on the currency. The front face of all banknotes released in 1997 under Mkapa had a girrafe head, symboling the national animal since colonial times. Banknotes in denominations of 50, 100 and 200 Shilling notes were retired from circulation; the first release of banknotes in 1997 were as follows

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mkapa_1.jpg

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mkapa_1.jpg

5000 Tz Shilling

tz_5000shs_mkapa_1.jpg

10000 Tz Shilling

tz_10000shs_mkapa_1.jpg

After the death of Mwalimu Nyerere in 1999, it was decided that the 1000 Bank not will permenently carry the portrait of Mwalimu. Hence, this note was redesigned as follows:

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mkapa_1_-v2.jpg

These notes continued in circulation until 2003 when they were redesigned to add more security features. The girrafe head on the front face was replaced with various popular animals of Tanzania; the image on Nyerere continued to feature the 1000 Shilling note. A new banknote of 2000 Shillings was introducesd. The back faces had pictures of various econom,ic activtities, historical sites and an educational symabol. These notes were written in both English and Swahili instead of swahili alone. These notes are still in circulation today, they are shown in the following pictures.

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mkapa_2.jpg

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mkapa_2.jpg

 2000 Tz Shilling

tz_2000shs_mkapa.jpg

5000 Tz Shilling

tz_5000shs_mkapa_2.jpg

10000 Tz Shilling

tz_10000shs_mkapa_2.jpg

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