Tanzanian Currecy: Banknotes II

September 3, 2007

After the dissolution of the East African Currency board into three independent central baks of Kenya Uganda and Tanzania in 1966, each of the three east african countries had their own Shilling. The first Tanzanian Banknotes to be released by the Bank of Tanzania were also in denominations of 5, 10, 20 and 100 Tz. Shillings. The front face had the picture of President Julius Nyerere while the back face had various Tanzanian features. The 5 Shilling banknote had a picture of Mount Kilimanjaro; the 10 Shillings banknote had a sisal estate; the 20 shilling banknote had a the gread Mwadui Dimand mine; and the 100 hundred shilling had a Maasai herdsman.

5 Tz Shilling

tz_5shs_nyerere1.jpg

10 Tz Shilling

tz_10shs_nyerere1.jpg

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_nyerere1.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere1_v1.jpg

However, the image of a maasai herdsman was not well recievd by the public as it made them appear as a natural attraction or an economic center. Therefore the next release of these banknotes in 1969 had been redesigned and the maasai image was replaced by the image of wild animals in Serengeti.

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere1_v2.jpg

These banknotes continued in circulation until 1978 when they were redesigned, and the five shilling banknote was retired from circulation. In the new design, the image of mwalimu Nyerere was changed from that of a youthful Nyerere of pre-independence to a more matured authoritative figure; and the notes were written entirely in kiswahili. The front face of all notes were similar while the back faces had a map of Tanzania and carried images that represented Tanzania of that time. The 10 shilling banknote had Mount Kilimanjaro, a makonde carving an the Arusha Declaration monument; the 20 shillings banknote had a spinning mill in a textile plant, which indicated the rise of industrial activties in the Nation. The 100 shilling banknote had educational activties from primary school to universities. Education for self reliance, which was one of the ingrediates of the education system, is depicted by the picture of pupils cultivating land with handhoes

10 Tz Shilling

tz_10shs_nyerere_2.jpg

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_nyerere2.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere_2.jpg

The banknotes were redesigned and released in 1984 before Nyerere stepped down. The new design was more colorful showing an image of the aging President Nyerere. The 10 Shilling banknote was retired from circulation and a new banknote of 50 Shillings was introduced. The back of the 20 shillings banknote showed various industrial activities, while the back of the 50 Shilling banknote showed a self-help spirit in constructing primary schools. The back of the 100 banknote had an image showing graduation processign and facilities at the university of dar es salaam. This image was intended to show strides made in the are of higher education in the nation.

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_nyerere3.jpg

50 Tz Shilling

tz_50shs_nyerere.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere_3.jpg

When Nyerere stepped down in 1985 and Mwinyi took over. The new banknotes that were released in 1986 did not change in design, but the image of Nyerere was replaced by that of Mwinyi except on the 100 Shilling note. Due to massive delavuation of the shilling that followed under mwinyi, higher denominations became necessary, and a new 200 Shilling banknote was issued. At that time, the 200 shilling was popularly known as the “Double Cabin;” the back of this note had an image showing Zanzibari fishermen and a scribe of clove.

20 Tz Shilling

tz_20shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

50 Tz Shilling

tz_50shs_mwinyi1.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_nyerere_3.jpg

200 Tz Shilling

tz_200shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

By 1988, the demand for more money in circulation forced the bank of Tanzania to release another high denomination banknote of 500 Shillings, known at that time as the “Pajero.” The design of the 500 banknote was quite different from that of the other notes. It had a colored coat of arms and a clear Bank Of Tanzania logo. Its back face had an image of women picking coffee.

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

The shilling continued to deteriolate against the US dollar, hence the demand for more high denomination bankotes contuned to rise. In 1990, a new 1000 Shilling banknote was released. The design of this banknote was similar to the 500 shilling note. Its backface showed Tanganyika Packers plant in Kawe Dar es Salaama as an indication of the industrial activities in Tanzania. Although its coat of arms was not colored, it had a clear BOT logo with a background inscription of 1000.

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mwinyi_1.jpg

Tanzanian banknoes of that time were rather wide. Towards the end of 1992, major changes happend in the Tanzanian currency. The 20 Shilling note was retired from circulation, while notes of 50, 100, 200, 500 and 100 Shillings were redesigned by reducing their size with slight changes in their apperance. New bankontes of 5000 and 10,000 Shillings were introduced.

50 Tz Shilling

tz_50shs_mwinyi2.jpg

100 Tz Shilling

tz_100shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

200 Tz Shilling

tz_200shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

5000 Tz Shilling

tz_5000shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

10000 Tz Shilling

tz_10000shs_mwinyi_2.jpg

These new notes continued in circulation until the end of Mwinyi’s tenure in office. When Mkapa took over the presedinecy, his policy was not to use the president’s image on the currency. The front face of all banknotes released in 1997 under Mkapa had a girrafe head, symboling the national animal since colonial times. Banknotes in denominations of 50, 100 and 200 Shilling notes were retired from circulation; the first release of banknotes in 1997 were as follows

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mkapa_1.jpg

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mkapa_1.jpg

5000 Tz Shilling

tz_5000shs_mkapa_1.jpg

10000 Tz Shilling

tz_10000shs_mkapa_1.jpg

After the death of Mwalimu Nyerere in 1999, it was decided that the 1000 Bank not will permenently carry the portrait of Mwalimu. Hence, this note was redesigned as follows:

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mkapa_1_-v2.jpg

These notes continued in circulation until 2003 when they were redesigned to add more security features. The girrafe head on the front face was replaced with various popular animals of Tanzania; the image on Nyerere continued to feature the 1000 Shilling note. A new banknote of 2000 Shillings was introducesd. The back faces had pictures of various econom,ic activtities, historical sites and an educational symabol. These notes were written in both English and Swahili instead of swahili alone. These notes are still in circulation today, they are shown in the following pictures.

500 Tz Shilling

tz_500shs_mkapa_2.jpg

1000 Tz Shilling

tz_1000shs_mkapa_2.jpg

 2000 Tz Shilling

tz_2000shs_mkapa.jpg

5000 Tz Shilling

tz_5000shs_mkapa_2.jpg

10000 Tz Shilling

tz_10000shs_mkapa_2.jpg


Tanzania Curreny- Banknotes 1

September 3, 2007

The first banknotes in this country were rupee banknotes introduced in 1905 during the German rule. They were in denominations of  5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 Rupien. Their images are shown below. Very few the banknotes with facevalues of 500 rupee were issued because not many people could own as much as that amount of cash; I was unable to get their images.
5 Rupien

doa_5rupien.jpg

10 Rupien

doa_10rupien.jpg

50 Rupien

doa_50rupien.jpg

100 Rupien

doa_100rupien.jpg

In the same year of 1905, Zanzibari rupee banknotes were intropduced in Zanzibar.  These were also in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 rupees. However, up to this moment I have managed to get an image of the 5 rupee banknote only.5 Zanzibari rupee

zz10.jpg

During the first world war, the german governement in german East Africa introduced emmergencey banknotes on plain paper. These emmergency banknotes were in denominations of emergency notes were issued in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 200 Rupien. The emeregency 200 rupien banknotes were very few; I couldn’t get their images.

1 Rupie

doa_1rupiene_1.jpg

5 Rupien

doa_5rupiene.jpg

10 Rupien

doa_10rupiene.jpg

20 Rupien

doa_20rupiene.jpg

50 Rupien

doa_50rupiene.jpg

It seems that Tabora was the second important city after Dar es Salaam during the German rule as every banknote listed Dar es Salaama and Tabora cities. The temporary banknotes were very rudimentary, and at some time, hey were oriduced by just a mere rubber stamp as shown below.

A Rubber stamp temprary banknote

doa_1rupiene_3.jpg

After the fall of germany rule in East africa, first, the british used the East African Rupee and the Zanzibari rupee along with the rupien. In zanzibar a 1 rupee banknote was introduced just after the war in 1920.
1 Zanzibari Rupee

zz1.jpg

1 EA Rupee

ea_1rupee.jpg

5 EA Rupee

ea_5rupee.jpg

1o EA Rupee

ea_10rupeeef.jpg

In mid 1920, the British governement introduced a common east african currecy of the East African Florin. Florin bank notes were in denominations of  1, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 500 florins, with the 10 florins and above also carrying the denomination in pounds (1, 2, 5, 10 and 50). This currency did not last more thana six months, so very few bankones were released.1 EA Florin

ea_1florin.jpg

5 EA Florin

ea_5florin.jpg

After about six months, in .. 1921, the East African Shilling was introduced to replace the East African Florin. The EA shilling had a value of 20 EA Shillings per British Pound, and it was pegged to the pound. For that reason, all 20 EA Shilling banknoes had dual values, of 20 EA SHillings and 1 pound. All banknotes were written in English, Arabic and in Amharic. TWo designs of the EA Shilling banknotes were issued; the first design lasted from 1921 to 1958 udring the reigns of King George V(1910-1936), King Edward VIII(1936-1936), King George VI (1936-1952) and Queen Elizabeth II (1952-Todate). The face had a picture of the King and back had a picture of lion behind Mount Kenya.

Banknotes released released under King George V were in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 100, 1000,  and 10,000  EA Shilling

5 EA Shilling

ea_5shsgeorge5.jpg

10 EA Shilling

ea-10shsgeorge5.jpg

20 EA Shilling

ea_20shsgeorge5.jpg

100 EA Shilling

ea_100shsgeorge5.jpg

1000 EA Shilling

ea_1000shsgeorge5.jpg

(Picture was taken after the banknote had been delegitimized. Punched holes indicate the delegitimization of the banknote)

 By the value the shilling at that time, very few bankontes with a face value of 1000 and 10,000  EA Shillings actually circulated. I haven’t been able to get an image of the 10,000 bankonte. In 1933, the 1000 EA SHilling bank note was retired from circulation.
During the short lived reign of King Edward VIII, no banknotes were released. The next release was under King George VI. Under King George VI,  the 1 EA Shilling was introduced in 1943 and the 10,000 EA shilling banknote was retired in 1947.

1 EA Shilling

ea_1shsgeorge6.jpg

5 EA Shilling

ea_5shsgeorge6.jpg

10 EA Shilling

ea_10shsgeorge6.jpg

20 EA Shilling

ea_20shsgeorge6.jpg

100 EA Shilling

ea_100shsgeorge6.jpg
After the death of King Gorge VI when Queen Elizabeth II took the throne, the first release of banknotes under the queen were similar to those of her predecessor, however the 1 EA Shilling banknotes were retired from circulation. It seems that this was the only banknote that carried a value of one shilling in East African history.

5 EA Shilling

ea_5shselizabeth2_1.jpg

10 EA Shilling

ea_10shselizabeth2_1.jpg

20 EA Shilling

ea_20shselizabeth2_1.jpg

100 EA Shilling

ea_100shselizabeth2_1.jpg

In 1958, the banknotes were redesigned to be more colorful with popular East african cash crops to represent East african economic activities than merely a lion and Mount Kenya. Denominations of 5, 10, 20, and 100 EA shillings were released. The 5 EA Shilling banknote showed cotton and cloves; the 10 EA Shilling showed sisal and tea; the 20 EA SHilling showed coffee and sunflower, and the 100 EA Shilling banknote showed coconuts, palms and pyrethrum. The East African shilling was no longer officially pegged to the pound, hence the 20 shilling banknote did not have dual values any more.
5 EA Shilling

ea_5shselizabeth2_2.jpg

10 EA Shilling

ea_10shselizabeth2_2.jpg

20 EA Shilling

ea_20shselizabeth2_2.jpg

100 EA Shilling

ea_100shselizabeth2_2.jpg
These new designs continued until after independence although by 1961, the number of members in the East African Currecy board had increased to 6 members, the banknotes released in 1961 had some slight modifications in the front face to accomodate six signatures of the board members as shown below.
5 EA Shilling

ea_5shselizabeth_2_3.jpg

10 EA Shilling

ea_10shselizabeth2_3.jpg

20 EA Shilling

ea_20shselizabeth2_3.jpg

100 EA Shilling

ea_100shselizabeth2_3.jpg
The first post-independence release of the EA Shilling banknotes in 1964 had significant changes. The notes were in English and kiswahili; the face of the British ruler was replaced with a dhow (the reason for choosing a dhow is not yet known); and the back of the banknotes were also carried the same east african cash crops although in different images as shown in the following pictures.
5 EA Shilling

ea_5shs.jpg

10 EA Shilling

ea_10shs.jpg

20 EA Shilling

ea_20shs.jpg

100 EA Shilling

ea_100shs.jpg